Download 50 Years of Malaysia. Federalism Revisited by Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin PDF

By Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin

On sixteen September 1963 Malaysia got here into being with the accession of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore to the present Federation of Malaya. This ebook marks the fiftieth anniversary of this extraordinary occasion in South East Asia's heritage. the point of interest of the booklet might be normally at the event of Sabah and Sarawak as topics of the federation. It seems to be on the adventure of federalism from a couple of diversified views, retaining in brain not only the consequences of federalism on Sabah and Sarawak but in addition the results at the federation as an entire. Has the cut price of 1963 been adhered to? Has Malaysian federalism been a profitable instance of this kind of presidency in Asia, or has the cut price been undermined in methods opposite to the unique deal within the Malaysia contract of 1963? What were the sensible results on East Malaysia in the course of 50 years?

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This might be of psychological importance for those states (this was displayed in Sarawak, at least, as we have noted), indicating that federalism was a choice rather than a necessity. In “Confusion, Coercion and Compromise in Malaysian Federalism”, Khairil Azmin Mokhtar discusses the case brought by Kelantan on the eve of federation to prevent the formation of Malaysia, where the state government argued that a new federation could not be established without its consent. This in our view (but the chapter offers a different view) points to a plausible theory of federalism: in the eyes of Kelantan the state still retained its original sovereignty which could not be subsumed under an entity it had not agreed to.

8 This was further evidenced with the dismissal of the opposition-controlled government in Perak in 2009. The same pattern is repeating now — Kelantan, Selangor and Penang are experiencing little or no cooperation from Putrajaya when it comes to issues under the purview of the federal government. Given that most of the trade and investment regulations are under the purview of the federal government, these states have constant political battles with the centre. POSITION OF SABAH AND SARAWAK Turning now to the more general question of Sabah and Sarawak’s membership of the Federation, we can note that these states had few viable options in 1963 other than joining Malaysia.

By contrast, there has been a change in their representation at the level of the executive. Here elite representation is growing, but it is personality-based and party-based. ” looks at the core issues causing tensions between the federal government and Sabah and Sarawak. He argues that the issues can be summarised into five key areas: (a) The ‘20 points’; (b) Sabah and Sarawak’s status in the Federation; (c) manufactured consent towards the formation of Malaysia; (d) Federal intervention in state politics in Sarawak and Sabah; and (e) Ketuanan Melayu and Ketuanan Islam He finds that Sabah and Sarawak suffer under-development; that Borneonisation has been replaced with Malayanisation; that the indigenous people are treated as second-class bumiputera; that resources are exploited for the benefit of Muslim bumiputera; and that there is discrimination against non-Muslim bumiputera.

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