By Dorothy Lamb Crawford
This e-book is the 1st to envision the bright accumulating of composers, conductors, and different musicians who fled Nazi Germany and arrived within the l. a. region. Musicologist Dorothy Lamb Crawford appears heavily on the lives, inventive paintings, and impression of 16 performers, fourteen composers, and one opera degree director, who joined this massive migration starting within the Nineteen Thirties. a few during this staff have been well-known after they fled Europe, others may achieve popularity within the younger musical tradition of l. a., and nonetheless others struggled to set up themselves in an atmosphere frequently proof against musical innovation. Emphasizing person voices, Crawford offers brief snap shots of Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, and the opposite musicians whereas additionally contemplating their effect as a group—in the movie undefined, in track associations in and round l. a., and as academics who knowledgeable the subsequent new release. The booklet unearths a uniquely bright period whilst Southern California grew to become a hub of unparalleled musical expertise.
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Additional info for A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in Southern California
21 Hungarian composer Eugene Zador was amazed to hear harshly outspoken criticism of President Roosevelt, which signaled a democratic society that was entirely new and inspiring to him. The sense of political freedom and Roosevelt’s promotion of the United Nations seem to have provoked Ernst Toch’s fierce objection in March 1945 to the establishment of a Jewish Community Center in Santa Monica. He wrote that he would rather give wholehearted support to a “Human or World Community Center,” for he advocated “the abolition of Religions and the replacement by Religion.
Touring was the logical escape from Nazi persecution for solo performers, and in 1934–35 Feuermann set off on his first world tour; the following season another world tour included performances in Los Angeles with Klemperer. In April 1933 the final three concerts of Artur Schnabel’s Beethoven piano sonata cycle in Berlin’s sold-out Philharmonic Hall were canceled. The May 1933 celebration of Johannes Brahms’s centenary at the Berlin Singakademie, with announced appearances by Schnabel, the esteemed Polish violinist Bronislaw Huberman, and the Russian cellist Gregor Piatigorsky, was also canceled because the performers were Jewish.
We [Europeans] clung together, for that gave us security and a feeling of continuity. At that time, there concentrated, within a few square miles, the greatest community of artistic talent ever assembled in one place. ”5 Earlier oil, agriculture, and real estate booms had made the area into a sprawling patchwork of separate municipalities with little central coherence. Politically and socially, Los Angeles was controlled by white Republican Protestants from the Midwest and rural South who were conservative in their attitudes and had little interest or background in the arts.